Friday, March 25, 2011

February 28, 1969 Fillmore West: Grateful Dead/Pentangle/Sir Douglas Quintet/Shades Of Joy (Martin Fierro)

The Grateful Dead's four night stand at The Fillmore West from Thursday February 27 through Sunday March 2, 1969 stands as one of the premier events in Grateful Dead history. For once, The Dead played at their creative best when state-of-the-art recording equipment was hooked up and rolling, and we have been savoring the results ever since. The weekend stand was the heart of the seminal 1969 Live/Dead album, and the entire run was released this century as Fillmore West 1969. The Dead capitalized on the home court advantage and played some shows for the ages.

Fantastic as the Dead's performance was, however, the weekend had even more resonances. One of the opening acts, the English group Pentangle, had a profound effect on Jerry Garcia, which he commented on at various times. In a past blog post, I discussed how in the midst of playing some of the finest music of his career, Garcia found the time to listen to Pentangle's unique configuration and adopt it for his own approach to live acoustic music. Pentangle, their musical talents notwithstanding, had discovered the value of two amplified acoustic instruments supported by a tasteful rhythm section, and Garcia consciously adopted it as the approach to the acoustic Grateful Dead, as well as other ensembles, like the Garcia/Grisman band.

As if stunning live electric music and a transformational acoustic opening band weren't enough, a close look at Ralph Gleason's Chronicle review the Monday afterward reveals yet another amazing fact about the weekend. On one night, The Shades Of Joy, an additional opening act, featured future Legion Of Mary member Martin Fierro on saxophone and vocals, years before he would play with Garcia and Merl Saunders. Garcia very likely didn't even see the set, but it's yet another sign of what a portentous weekend it was that the local act opening the show included a player who would be a big part of Garcia's sound a few years later.

The Shades Of Joy
The Shades Of Joy were a familiar name on bills at rock clubs in the Bay Area from 1969-71, but I don't know much about them otherwise. They did release a self-titled album on Fontana Records in 1969. The band members on the album were
  • Millie Foster-vocals
  • Martin Fierro-saxophones, flute, vocals
  • Jackie King-guitar
  • Jymm Young-keyboards
  • Edward Adams-bass
  • Jose Rodriguez-drums
Fiero was from El Paso, TX, and in early 1969 he would have been relatively newly arrived in San Francisco. Around this time he had been working with the Texas musicians in the group Mother Earth, but I do not know if he was a regular member of that band. Fierro (1942-2008) apparently met Garcia while jamming with conga players in Golden Gate Park (per Blair Jackson's liner notes to the Legion Of Mary cd), but no date was given.

The only other name familiar to me in The Shades Of Joy was Jymm Young, who played keyboards with various Bay Area groups in the early 70s, including Boz Scaggs and Santana. Young was also known as Joachim Young, and his most heard contribution is the B3 organ work on the Steve Miller Band's "Fly Like An Eagle." I don't know where Young came from or how he ended up in San Francisco in 1969 in the Shades Of Joy.

Fillmore West 1969 Configuration
Although the Fillmore West typically advertised three acts in 1969, they often had four acts on Friday and Saturday nights. While the three acts "on the poster" would do three rotating sets (with the headliner playing, essentially, 3rd and 6th), on weekend nights an additional act would play a single opening set. This served to extend the show, encouraging people to come early and buy more popcorn and soda.  Many of the openers were discovered at the Tuesday night Fillmore West "auditions." The mostly forgotten practice of adding a fourth act accounts for the numerous bands who describe opening shows at the Fillmore West whose names never appeared on a poster.

Given that Gleason's review was published on a Monday (March 3), I think he was reviewing the Friday, February 28 show, because there was an additional act. An eyewitness to the March 1 show reported that Frumious Bandersnatch had replaced the Sir Douglas Quintet, so I think the review was more likely of the Friday show than the Thursday one (Feb 27). update: A Commenter makes a good case for Gleason having seen the first set of Thursday, February 27 rather than Friday.

Ralph Gleason, Chronicle March 3, 1969
Gleason's review of every act for the evening is quite enthusiastic. About the Shades Of Joy, he says
Shades Of Joy is a local group (a spin-off of several other local units) which features wild free form modern jazz saxophone playing by Martin Fierro, a roaring R&B rhythm section and two voices, Martin and Millie Foster, who is much better in this role than as a pure jazz singer. It's an exciting and interesting group. 
Sir Douglas is really delightful. He got everybody dancing for for once (just as Pentangle had all the musicians listening) doing his standards "Mendocino" and "She's About A Mover" and merging his regular group with some members of Shades Of Joy.
It is rather a wild experience to see a group featuring a saxophone soloist who looks like the leader of a Third World Student picket line accompanied by a drummer who looks like he just got in from the cattle drive. Is there still hope?
It's interesting to see that Gleason noticed that all the musicians were paying attention to Pentangle. Elsewhere in the review, Gleason says "when [the acoustic guitars] are heard over the loudspeakers, there is no distortion, just a huge guitar sound," articulating what I believe to be the sound that captured Garcia's attention. For the Shades Of Joy, who probably came on at 7:00pm or so, it is Fierro that captured Gleason's attention. Fierro and others appear to have joined Doug Sahm on stage, prefiguring how he would join Sahm's band within a few years, and indeed share the stage with the Grateful Dead on some September 1973 shows when Sahm opened for the Dead.

Those who saw the Friday night show were probably so overwhelmed by the Dead (not to mention Pentangle) that they probably forgot Shades Of Joy earlier in the evening. Some of those people must have seen a Garcia/Saunders show a few years later, when Fierro was a member of the band--I wonder if they remembered then, or if there memories were permanently deleted?

Some Doug Sahm Apocrypha
Doug Sahm was a brilliant musician and a character-and-a-half, but he could be exasperating. Our eyewitness to the Saturday March 1 show reported that Doug Sahm was announced as being "sick" and his place on the bill was taken by Lafayette's finest, the Frumious Bandersnatch. Perhaps. Elsewhere, however, Doug Sahm has claimed that he was once fired by Bill Graham for bringing a 13-piece band onstage without asking. Sahm was a great teller of tales, so there's no telling how much of that story was true, and since Sahm (who died in 1999) is no longer with us, it's hard to know for sure what he may have been referring to.

Nonetheless, I can't help but connect the dots here. It appears that Sahm opened at least one night, and probably two, but was not present on the Saturday night. We also know from Gleason's review that several members of the Shades Of Joy were onstage with him. Perhaps inviting the extra musicians on stage disrupted some protocol, and Graham pushed Sahm off the bill? Its entirely possible. Given the number of amazing things that happened at the Fillmore West this weekend, perhaps this obscure bit of Sahm storytelling was part of the saga as well.

Appendix: Gleason On The Dead
By request, here are Ralph Gleason's comments on the Dead's performance:


  1. ....but who was the juggler?

    Also, did Gleason say anything of interest about the Dead's set? Contemporary reviews of now-classic shows are often revealing.

  2. Jackie King from Shades of Joy is an excellent guitarist. In the late '90's/early '00's Martin Fierro used to host Sunday night jam sessions as Martin Fierro Quartet. Jackie was a frequent and distinguished participant.

    Bob Wagner

  3. Bob, thanks for the interesting information about Jackie King. Nice to know that they were still playing together. Joachim Young was a great player, too, and it must have been some band.

    LIA, the juggler's name was Jim Rinehart. You see his name now and again on various old listings. I pasted in Gleason's comments about the Dead. Gleason had good ears, and he knew it was a memorable evening.

  4. Thanks for the heads up on Jackie King. It seems he has quite the pedigree as a guitarist. It turns out he was childhood friends with Doug Sahm, and that is how he came to relocate to San Francisco in 1968. King has played with everyone from George Jones to Chet Baker to Willie Nelson. For a more complete story, see here:

    1. Jackie King passed away today in the Bay Area. His musical pedigree is indeed impressive and he was one of the great, wonderful unsung talents of the guitar. This sweet, funny and talented man will surely be missed by all who knew him and his music. RIP Jackie.

  5. I am wondering if Gleason saw them on Thursday the 27th, rather than the 28th?

    Not sure if there were other reasons his review would be bumped to the next Monday (are there other reviews of his from that weekend we can pinpoint?) - but there are a couple reasons:
    One, he mentions some technical problems onstage, which would seem to refer to the 2/27 first set - I don't remember any such delays (or even pauses) on 2/28, though I may have been too mesmerized to notice. And he could be referring to troubles not on tape.
    Two, he mentions that they did the Other One suite, which was in the 2/27 first set.
    Now I don't know if it was his habit to stay through the entire show, but on 2/28 they didn't play the Other One til the second set - and they also performed the complete Alligator>Caution suite, from side B of Anthem, thus playing most of the album. Isn't it possible he'd have mentioned that if he'd heard it?
    Just a counter-speculation...

  6. Note also that Doug Sahm opened for GD and Allmans on 6/9,10/73 at RFK. One would speculate that that laid the groundwork for Martin to be playing with the Dead in the fall. I attended 6/9.

    Bob Wagner

  7. LIA, it very well may be that Gleason attended Thursday Feb 27. He had a regular Monday column (also Wed, Fri, Sun) and he generally wrote about something he had seen over the weekend, but there's no reason it couldn't have been a Thursday night show.

    I also suspect it's unlikely that he stayed until the very end, as his reviews regularly refer to seeing only parts of shows (he often saw multiple shows on the same night). With that in mind, Thursday Feb 27 makes a lot of sense.

    1. I do actually hear a few breaks in the 2/28 early set tape that might be tech delays. After "Schoolgirl," you can hear Garcia say "hey, my amps are off!" before what sounds to me like a tape cut. I think I also hear a cut during the tuning before "Schoolgirl."

  8. Here is a sweet 1993 video of Martin Fierro Quartet with Jackie King, Kimock and other luminaries, playing Brubeck's Mr Broadway. Jackie is the lefthanded guitarist who takes a sweet jazz lead starting at around 7:00.

    Bob Wagner

  9. Here's the link:

    Bob Wagner

  10. What immediately strikes me is the lineups that Bill Graham put together on that (and so many other) weekend(s). What a gift he was to the music fans of the Bay area and New York.

  11. I went to 3.1.69 and Doug Sahm definitely did not appear.

  12. A surprising new discovery: at the 3/3/71 Fillmore West benefit, during Good Lovin', a flute can faintly be heard sometimes during Pigpen's rap.
    This is currently thought to be Martin Fierro, whose Shades of Joy had opened for the Dead in that show. (He had also been in the studio with Garcia & Wales working on Hooteroll.) He does seem to be a likely candidate, though perhaps no one could actually hear him at the show!

    One thing that comes to my mind is the flute player who can almost be heard during the Hartbeats/Wales jams at the Family Dog, 8/28/69. You have another post speculating about this, but it's possible that the Garcia + Wales + flute combination points to an early Martin Fierro appearance.

    So my speculation is that, hidden as an anonymous flute player, Fierro may have (briefly) played a couple times with the Dead well before 1973.

    1. I find the March 3 '71 suggestion fairly plausible, the 69 one less so. Even though it remains murky to me when Hooteroll was actually recorded, and it may have been some time after Wales and Garcia stopped playing live together, I find it plausible that Fierro had played with Garcia at the Matrix by this time.

      I just don't think that Fierro sitting in at the Family Dog with the Dead/Hartbeats would have slipped his mond. He was asked "where did you meet Jerry" (can't remember context), and he said "at a drum circle in Golden Gate Park."

      I should add that Steve Schuster is my default guess for flute, once Sanpaku was off the table (Gary Larkey)

    2. I find Fierro's story of how he met Garcia completely unbelievable. Now it might have happened more or less like he said - that Garcia randomly invited a sax player in a drum circle in the park to come play with Garcia's group, which just by coincidence had an organ player who'd been his friend in El Paso! But I'm skeptical.

      If Fierro had become acquainted with Garcia by mid-'69, or even played with him at the Matrix already, I don't think he need have remembered a Family Dog jam in an interview decades later. Actually none of the participants have ever mentioned that jam! If it weren't for the tape we would never know it had happened.

      But we can only speculate. We don't know when Fierro first played with Garcia, but if his memory's right about the Matrix invitation, it may not have been until 1970.

      Anyway - someone should put together a Wales/Garcia timeline. There's been lots of discussion over various blogs about when they played at the Matrix and when Hooteroll was recorded, but the information is scattered here and there. A one-stop Wales-dates post would be ideal.

  13. Replies
    1. Sheesh, silly me, I meant to put that at LIA's place.